10 07, 2019

Constellation Diagrams: The Fault in Our Stars

By |2019-07-11T19:18:28+00:00July 10th, 2019|Design Innovation, Uncategorized|

Constellation diagrams are 2D graphical representations of digitally modulated signals.  They are used for the display and analysis of digitally modulated waveforms, and provide valuable insight into the performance of a digital communication system. Digitally modulated signals encode information within a sinusoidal carrier wave by mixing it with a discretized message signal, therefore modifying the [...]

12 06, 2019

How Wireless RF and Microwaves Affect the World Around You

By |2019-06-12T15:17:53+00:00June 12th, 2019|Design Innovation, RF Design|

Radio wave applications have come a long way since it was first theorized by James Clark Maxwell in his 1873 work “A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism”, where he laid out mathematical theories showing the potential applications of radio technology. Only fifteen years later, German Physicist Heinrich Hertz became the first person to produce, transmit, [...]

2 05, 2019

Extending the Range of a Low Power UAV Radio

By |2019-05-13T12:50:41+00:00May 2nd, 2019|Design Innovation, Product Development|

Low-power UAV radio systems, though designed for short distance communications, can be an inexpensive and reliable means of communications over greater distances – especially when the application is small UAS platforms. Many of these radios come with a variety of options including programmable bandwidths, RF power settings, and modulation type. Usually the bandwidth and modulation [...]

2 05, 2019

Cost Effective Full-Duplex Systems Utilizing a Semi-Custom Approach

By |2019-05-02T18:25:16+00:00May 2nd, 2019|Design Innovation, Product Development|

The requirements of modern datalinks in the UAV and large airframe market present challenges for systems designers. Many modern communication systems often require full-duplex operation, and several systems may be operating on a single airframe. At the same time size, aerodynamic and radar signature concerns can limit the ability of designers and integrators to add [...]

14 02, 2019

Balancing Linearity and Efficiency in a Power Amplifier

By |2019-04-17T18:49:35+00:00February 14th, 2019|Design Innovation, Uncategorized|

Achieving both high linearity and high efficiency together in a Radio Frequency (RF) Power Amplifier (PA) system is challenging. Typical designs for highly efficient PAs (i.e., greater than 40% DC power efficiency) involve operating devices in their non-linear range, i.e., at or near compression (saturation). A PA operating in its nonlinear region inherently creates distortion [...]

27 12, 2018

Countering Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (sUAS)

By |2019-04-22T14:31:37+00:00December 27th, 2018|Product Development|

Once relegated to the skilled thumbs of a hobbyist or teenager with a Styrofoam toy airplane in the backyard, small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (sUAS) have become accessible to a much broader audience. With the advent of brushless electric motors and high energy density lithium batteries, the consumer sUAS market has experienced unprecedented growth. Advances in [...]

27 12, 2018

What is MIL STD 461 Testing?

By |2019-04-22T15:16:45+00:00December 27th, 2018|Design Innovation, Testing|

The Department of Defense (DoD) purchases a vast array of electronic and electrical devices that must be integrated into various platforms with many other devices and function without degraded performance (electromagnetic susceptibility), and conversely, must function without causing degradation of performance for other devices (electromagnetic emissions). Similarly, electromagnetic interference (EMI) is a commonly used term [...]

14 12, 2018

Why is RF Filtering so Important?

By |2019-04-22T17:15:42+00:00December 14th, 2018|Design Innovation, RF Filters|

Why is RF filtering so important? Simply put, filters reduce the interference in the environment that affects the performance of the communication system, and reduce the interference caused by the communication system. The lack of RF filtering can affect the performance of the UAS in a number of ways: Communication range is reduced due to [...]

30 10, 2018

Preparing for the SWARM

By |2019-04-22T17:21:57+00:00October 30th, 2018|Design Innovation|

Like a locust super-swarm in Madagascar, similar to a scene in BBC America’s “Planet Earth II” (image 1), commercial and government programs alike are aiming to employ “swarms” of UAV’s in domestic and overseas operations2. This includes counter-UAS systems, intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, near-space and hurricane hunting drones. Swarms of UAVs can be controlled through autonomous [...]

15 10, 2018

Is Your Project on Schedule?

By |2019-04-22T18:02:00+00:00October 15th, 2018|Leadership Insight|

When working or leading a high technology project, a simple question related to the status of a program can become difficult one to answer. This difficulty is clearly seen by anyone who has been involved in the development, manufacturing and testing high performance radio frequency modules. As with any project, leadership must deal with the [...]